1 .not all the seven words of Christ from the cross are recorded in one gospel,
2 .there is in them, however, a progression of the will and purpose of god for the redemption of mankind. they seem to sum in themselves the whole of the gospel.
3 .the first three were uttered between the third and sixth hours ( 9.am – 12 noon). they referred to:
A .forgiveness and fellowship,
Then Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they do.” And they divided His garments and cast lots.( LUK 23:34 NJK)
1 .Jesus came to forgive sinners
for the Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which was lost.”
2 .through his forgiveness, sinners make god their father
But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name: (Joh 1:12 KJV)
In this manner, therefore, pray: Our Father in heaven, Hallowed be Your name. (Mat 6:9 NKJ)
3 .even if they did not have a full recognition of what they were doing, still they needed forgiveness.
B .assurance for the future,
And Jesus said to him, “Assuredly, I say to you, today you will be with Me in Paradise.” (Luk 23:43 NKJ)
1 there is no soul sleep:’today”.
2 .there is life after death:”thou shall be.”
3 .to be with Christ is to be in paradise.”
4 .paradise was promised only to the repentant one.
5 .repentance is a personal, individual decision.
6 .not all will repent; therefore not all in paradise.
C .responsibility for family, “woman, thy son…behold thy mother
When Jesus therefore saw His mother, and the disciple whom He loved standing by, He said to His mother, “Woman, behold your son!” (Joh 19:26 NKJ)
Then He said to the disciple, “Behold your mother!” And from that hour that disciple took her to his own home. (Joh 19:27 NKJ)
1 .Jesus on the cross practiced what he taught
He who loves father or mother more than Me is not worthy of Me. And he who loves son or daughter more than Me is not worthy of Me (Mat 10:37 NKJ)
Now great multitudes went with Him. And He turned and said to them, (Luk 14:25 NKJ)
If anyone comes to Me and does not hate his father and mother, wife and children, brothers and sisters, yes, and his own life also, he cannot be My disciple. (Luk 14:26 NKJ)
So likewise, whoever of you does not forsake all that he has cannot be My disciple. (Luk 14:33 NKJ)
2 .though he put his father’s work and purpose first, he did not neglect his mother.
D .through these three words he revealed his work as great high priest through;
1 .interceding for the transgressors
2 .proclaiming pardon to the penitent
3 . bestowing blessing on his own
4 .the fourth and fifth words were spoken in darkness
Now from the sixth hour until the ninth hour there was darkness over all the land. (Mat 27:45 NKJ)
nature was wrapped in gloom as the god – man, bearing the burden and the curse of sin that was not his own, revealed to us something of the mystery of suffering.they were:
A .the word of utter loneliness
And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?” that is, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?” (Mat 27:46 NKJ)
B .the word of human exhaustion
After this, Jesus, knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the Scripture might be fulfilled, said, “I thirst!” (Joh 19:28 NKJ)
C .a long space of time intervened between the third and fourth words. now darkness reigned on cal vary – three hours of silence and darkness. it is the climax of the sufferings, we really do not know what took place
I have trodden the wine press alone, And from the peoples no one was with Me. For I have trodden them in My anger, And trampled them in My fury; Their blood is sprinkled upon My garments, And I have stained all My robes. (Isa 63:3 NKJ)
how dark these hours were we may faintly gather from the cry that escaped from his lips at the of those long three hours”my god. my god. why has thou forsaken me? “this was the only time Jesus called the my god.”
5 .the last two words were uttered in the emergence of light. the conflict is over and the victory is won. they were:
A .”it is finished” in one word – he sums up the whole of man’s redemption.
So when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” And bowing His head, He gave up His spirit. (Joh 19:30 NKJ)
2 .in the word “finished” was all that prophecy had foretold and type foreshadowed.
3 .”finished” was the work which his father had given him to do. he looked back on his life from the when he said
then He said, “Behold, I have come to do Your will, O God.” He takes away the first that He may establish the second. (Heb 10:9 NKJ)
and is able to say with regard to every job and title of his life work, “it is finished.”
4 .he made a full, perfect and sufficient sacrifice, oblation, and satisfaction for the sins of the whole world. he bridged the gap that separated man from god.
B .the word of rest
And when Jesus had cried out with a loud voice, He said, “Father,`into Your hands I commit My spirit.'” Having said this, He breathed His last. (Luk 23:46 NKJ)
this word and the previous one were uttered in rapid succession. the word of victory is followed by the word of rest. it was a demonstration of what physical death would be for all believers.
1 .it was not a leap in the dark.
2 .it was not a plunge into an unknown void.
3 .it was not a going home.
4 .death was robbed of its sting
So when this corruptible has put on incorruption, and this mortal has put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written: “Death is swallowed up in victory.” (1Co 15:54 NKJ)
O Death, where is your sting? O Hades, where is your victory?” (1Co 15:55 NKJ)
5 .because of this word a believer can say with the apostle paul,
For to me, to live is Christ, and to die is gain. (Phi 1:21 NKJ)